How to sanding off wood? – The removal of existing layers of paint is often the priority when old wooden furniture, metal frames, or car parts are to be getting reconditioned.
Sanding is a working method that is used correctly and leads to perfect results with the right tools and abrasives.
Let’s check out together how to sanding off wood the best way!
A related video about “How to Prep Furniture That Has Previously Been Getting Painted” here to watch.
Video Credit: The Mountain View Cottage Haley Estes
Table of Contents
Why Sanding Off Wood Furniture?
Many pieces of furniture have been repainted several times in the course of their lives. With a little effort and the right procedure, however, it is possible to remove old paintwork and restore the old wooden furniture to its former glory.
Sanding down pieces of furniture is often an excellent choice to remove the old varnish. But not only in this case, but the furniture also needs sanding down.
Do you want to repaint a piece of furniture? Even then, the sandpaper must be getting swung as preparation for a new coat of paint. Sanding with fine sandpaper ensures that the following lacquers will hold better.
Sanding paper also makes it wonderfully easy to smooth surfaces. Do you have flaws and scratches in the wood? With a wood putty, such defects can be getting removed, and with sandpaper, the surface can be smoothed.
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How to sanding off wood? – The Best Way To Sand Off Wood!
A lot of dust is getting produced when sanding off wood. Choose a suitable place for renovating your tables, such as the garage, a hobby room, or the garden. In closed rooms, there should be no electrical appliances sensitive to dust, such as fire alarms.
If you work in the garden, make sure that the place is getting protected from the wind. It will prevent dirt from being blown onto the still damp paint surface later.
It is advisable to wear a paper mask to prevent you from inhaling the fine wood dust. Safety glasses are also an advantage.
- Always grind in the direction of the grit. If you sand crossways to the grit direction, scratches will occur, which are difficult to remove. Use multi-folded sandpaper for the edges, which you work with by hand. Large surfaces can be getting sanded with a machine.
- Start the sanding process with the rough 80-grit paper. Be sure to change the paper when it appears smooth on the surface and loses its sanding power. Use 120 and 180-grit paper one after the other until the wood surface is smooth. Any remaining varnish should now be getting removed from the wooden table.
- There is a trick to sand the table correctly, without pressure, draw tight wavy lines with a pencil all over the tabletop. Draw the tracks at a distance of five centimeters from the edge towards the center. Sand with 240 grit paper until the pencil lines are no longer visible. The drawn lines tell you whether you are proceeding carefully and evenly when sanding.
- Do not use this method if your table is getting made of large-pored wood such as ash or oak. There is a risk that the graphite particles of the pencil will penetrate deeper layers of fibers from which they are challenging to remove.
How the wooden table gets the finishing touch
Clean the wooden table with water and sponge and let the table dry afterward. During the drying process, the remaining fine wood fibers straighten up – sand them down as well. Use 240 or 320 grit paper for this. Remove any wood dust with a soft brush.
Sanding wood technique and tools
You do not have to send your wood pieces directly to a joinery company unless they are costly wood or unique decorations. For ordinary furniture, there are some things to consider for success. In the following, you will learn what is essential.
- Sandpaper – The most crucial criterion for well-sanded wood is the sandpaper. When buying it, you should pay particular attention to quality, because good results can only be getting achieved with good sandpaper. Abrasive paper with corundum is best suited for wood; it lasts long and ensures an excellent finish.
- Grit – You start with a rough grit of the sandpaper. Towards the end, you take finer grit. Depending on the intended removal of material, start with a grit of 80/120 and finish with a grit of 180 to 240.
- Manual work – When sanding wood, always work in the direction of the grain. Never sand crossways to the grain; you will not be able to remove scratches. A sanding block is necessary when sanding by hand. It distributes the force evenly over a larger sanding paper area and removes slight unevenness in the wood. For fine sanding, you can leave out the sanding block, and it is only helpful for the first sanding.
- Machine – An orbital sander is particularly getting recommended when sanding with tools. The advantage over other sanding devices is that the sanding disc rotates and oscillates at the same time. Hardly any sanding marks are created in the wood by rotating movements. Find out more about good sanding machines at your local hardware store or on the Internet. Surely you buy the device for a more extended time and not for single use.
Light moistening improves your sanding result. If you moisten the wood to be worked on before the last sanding passes, the fibers straighten up and are getting sanded even better.
It would help if you used a spray bottle for moistening. However, not too much water should get on the wood; otherwise, it will swell.
Especially when working by hand, patience is required, take your time for a good result.
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