All enzymes are essential, but when it comes to digestion, three main enzymes that stand above the others.
These include amylases that help to break down carbohydrates, proteases that help to destroy proteins and lipase, which helps to break down fats.
The pancreas creates an enzyme called lipase. When you eat, lipase gets to your digestive system. Lipase helps your intestines to tear down the fats in your food.
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What Is Lipase Enzyme?
Lipase is an enzyme that participates in the digestion of fats. The body contains different sub-types of enzymes, but the term lipase usually means pancreatic lipase.
The pancreas is an organ positioned back your stomach. Its role is to break down certain parts of dietary fats.
Lipase secretes from the pancreas through a duct that empties the duodenum into the gastrointestinal tract. Thus, It is active in foods that get digested in the stomach.
Lipase is a digestive enzyme generated through the pancreas. The pancreas has something to do with blood sugar regulation and digestion.
The pancreas has many digestive secretions. One of the most important of these secretions is the lipase enzyme.
Although the role of lipase enzyme is in the small intestine, there are also low levels in the blood to seen.
The lipase enzyme produced by some cells of the Pancreas gets released into the initial section of the small intestine.
The test result helps to detect acute pancreatitis, chronic pancreatitis and other disorders related to the pancreas.
The Lipase test also plays an essential role in diagnosing and treating Cystic fibrosis, Celiac disease, and Crohn’s disease.
You should not eat at least 8 hours before taking the Lipase test.
Testing of lipase levels in the blood can be useful in diagnoses of pancreatic diseases and evaluating the function of the organ.
Lipase Normal Range
The normal value range is 10 – 140 units per liter (U/L). If it’s measured with different units you get 0.17 – 2.3 microkatals per liter (mckat/L).
These values may slightly differ in different laboratories because of measurement units.
In case of inflammation of the Pancreas, lipase levels usually rise more than 5 to 10 times the above limit of the standard value.
This rate rises within a day or two after acute pancreatitis. It remains high for approximately one week.
The use of some medications such as Codeine and Morphine may also increase lipase levels.
The rise of lipase levels is sometimes asymptomatic and may not have any symptoms. Abdominal pain can lead to symptoms such as sweating, nausea, vomiting or weakness.
Blockage of the pancreatic duct, pancreatic cancer, and other pancreatic diseases can also increase lipase level.
The fact that Lipase values are above normal can also state viral gastroenteritis, gastric ulcer or blockages.
Lipase levels elevation reverses to a regular level by following drug use and a pancreatitis diet plan.
Decreased Lipase levels often indicate that lipase-producing cells in the person’s pancreas have suffered permanent damage.
In people with chronic diseases that may affect the pancreas, such as Cystic fibrosis, Celiac disease or Crohn’s disease, it is often possible to face off with such situations.
Low lipase may also cause indigestion. People who have a constant indigestion problem should check their lipase levels.
In the case of Lipase deficiency, treatment gets performed with the intake of lipase supplements.
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Lipase and Amylase
Amylase is another essential enzyme secreted in the pancreas with lipase. Most of the time, when controlling lipase levels, amylase level is also checked.
Amylase secretes by other glands, such as salivary glands. In the case of acute pancreatitis, amylase and lipase levels get elevated.
The measurement of pancreatic lipase is the best way to detect pancreatic problems.
If the pancreas fails to function gets complications such as fever, loss of appetite, nausea, severe abdominal or back pain can occur. In such a case lipase testing becomes required.
This test performed to watch the effectiveness of the treatment of pancreatitis.
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